Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

BioMed Research International

Publication Date

1-1-2013

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations of iron depletion (ID) with menstrual blood losses, lifestyle, and dietary habits, in pubertal girls. The study sample comprised 1222 girls aged 9-13 years old. Biochemical, anthropometrical, dietary, clinical, and physical activity data were collected. Out of 274 adolescent girls with menses, 33.5% were found to be iron depleted (defined as serum ferritin < 12 g/L) compared to 15.9% out of 948 girls without menses. Iron-depleted girls without menses were found to have lower consumption of poultry (P = 0.017) and higher consumption of fruits (P = 0.044) and fast food (P = 0.041) compared to their peers having normal iron status. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that girls with menses were 2.57 (95% CI: 1.37, 4.81) times more likely of being iron depleted compared to girls with no menses. Iron depletion was found to be associated with high calcium intake, high consumption of fast foods, and low consumption of poultry and fruits. Menses was the only factor that was found to significantly increase the likelihood of ID in these girls. More future research is probably needed in order to better understand the role of diet and menses in iron depletion. © 2013 George Moschonis et al.

ISSN

2314-6133

Publisher

Hindawi Publishing Corporation

Volume

2013

First Page

423263

Last Page

423263

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

C reactive protein; calcium; ferritin; hemoglobin; iron; calcium; ferritin; iron; adolescent; article; basal metabolic rate; calcium intake; caloric intake; child; dietary intake; erythrocyte; fast food; female; ferritin blood level; food intake; fruit; hematocrit; hemoglobin blood level; human; human tissue; iron blood level; iron depletion; mean corpuscular hemoglobin; menstruation; physical activity; poultry; puberty; school child; anthropometry; bleeding; blood; diet; metabolism; physiology; Adolescent; Anthropometry; Calcium; Child; Diet; Female; Ferritins; Hemorrhage; Humans; Iron; Menstruation

Scopus ID

84896081342

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

Included in

Life Sciences Commons

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