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Background: Pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity in reproductive-aged women becomes a growing tendency in middle- and high-income populations. This study aimed to evaluate whether maternal excess body mass index (BMI) before gestation is associated with children’s anthropometric characteristics, as well as perinatal and postnatal outcomes. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study performed on 5198 children aged 2–5 years old and their paired mothers, assigned from 9 different areas of Greece. Maternal and childhood anthropometric data, as well as perinatal and postnatal outcomes, were collected from medical history records or validated questionnaires. Results: Prevalences of 24.4% and 30.6% of overweight/obesity were recorded for the enrolled children and their mothers 2–5 years postpartum. Maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity was more frequently observed in older mothers and female children, and was also associated with high childbirth weight, preterm birth, high newborn ponderal index, caesarean section delivery, diabetes type 1, and childhood overweight/obesity at pre-school age. In multivariate analysis, maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity was independently associated with a higher risk of childhood overweight/obesity at pre-school age, as well as with a higher increased incidence of childbirth weight, caesarean section delivery, and diabetes type 1. Conclusions: Maternal overweight/obesity rates before gestation were related with increased childhood weight status at birth and 2–5 years postpartum, highlighting the necessity of encouraging healthy lifestyle promotion, including healthier nutritional habits, and focusing on obesity population policies and nutritional interventions among women of reproductive age.
Medicine and Health Sciences
pre-pregnancy, overweight, obesity, childhood, anthropometric parameters, nutritional habits, nutritional interventions, perinatal outcomes, postnatal outcomes, healthy dietary habits
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Pavlidou, Eleni; Papandreou, Dimitrios; Taha, Zainab; Mantzorou, Maria; Tyrovolas, Stefanos; Kiortsis, Dimitrios N.; Psara, Evmorfia; Papadopoulou, Sousana K.; Yfantis, Marios; Spanoudaki, Maria; Antasouras, Georgios; Mentzelou, Maria; and Giaginis, Constantinos, "Association of Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Overweight and Obesity with Childhood Anthropometric Factors and Perinatal and Postnatal Outcomes: A Cross-Sectional Study" (2023). All Works. 6012.
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Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series