Source of Publication
Frontiers in Communications and Networks
ChatGPT has garnered significant interest since its release in November 2022 and it has showcased a strong versatility in terms of potential applications across various industries and domains. Defensive cybersecurity is a particular area where ChatGPT has demonstrated considerable potential thanks to its ability to provide customized cybersecurity awareness training and its capability to assess security vulnerabilities and provide concrete recommendations to remediate them. However, the offensive use of ChatGPT (and AI-powered conversational agents, in general) remains an underexplored research topic. This preliminary study aims to shed light on the potential weaponization of ChatGPT to facilitate and initiate cyberattacks. We briefly review the defensive usage of ChatGPT in cybersecurity, then, through practical examples and use-case scenarios, we illustrate the potential misuse of ChatGPT to launch hacking and cybercrime activities. We discuss the practical implications of our study and provide some recommendations for future research.
Frontiers Media SA
AI malware creation, AI-based cyberattacks, AI-powered chatbot, ChatGPT, cybersecurity threats, generative AI
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Iqbal, Farkhund; Samsom, Faniel; Kamoun, Faouzi; and MacDermott, Áine, "When ChatGPT goes rogue: exploring the potential cybersecurity threats of AI-powered conversational chatbots" (2023). All Works. 6101.
Indexed in Scopus
Open Access Type
Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series