Leader–member exchange (LMX) and work performance: an application of self-determination theory in the work context
Source of Publication
European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Using self-determination theory (SDT) as a guiding framework, we examined the effects of leader–member exchange (LMX) on performance through psychological need satisfaction and intrinsic motivation. Lagged data was collected from 333 dental hygienists across four time points. We examined three forms of performance: task performance, organizational citizenship behaviour (OCB), and counterproductive work behaviour (CWB). LMX was positively related to all three forms of psychological need satisfaction (competence, relatedness, autonomy), autonomy need satisfaction was positively related to intrinsic motivation, and intrinsic motivation was negatively related to CWB. Overall, there were significant indirect effects from LMX to all forms of performance; however, the mediating mechanisms varied. LMX was indirectly linked to task performance through competence need satisfaction and autonomy need satisfaction, to OCB through competence need satisfaction, and to CWB through the sequential effects of autonomy need satisfaction on intrinsic motivation. Our results highlight the complexity of the LMX-performance relationship and show that SDT can help to explain the relationship, depending on the type of performance being assessed.
Informa UK Limited
counterproductive work behaviour, Leader–member exchange, organizational citizenship behaviour, performance, self-determination theory
Henderson, Alexandra A. and Jeong, Sophia S., "Leader–member exchange (LMX) and work performance: an application of self-determination theory in the work context" (2023). All Works. 6194.
Indexed in Scopus