ORCID Identifiers

0000-0002-8338-7655

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Journal of Diabetes Investigation

Publication Date

1-1-2020

Abstract

© 2020 The Authors. Journal of Diabetes Investigation published by Asian Association for the Study of Diabetes (AASD) and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd Aims/Introduction: Abnormalities in Ca2+ signaling have a key role in hemodynamic dysfunction in diabetic heart. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes on Ca2+ signaling in epicardial (EPI) and endocardial (ENDO) cells of the left ventricle after 5–6 months of STZ injection. Materials and Methods: Whole-cell patch clamp was used to measure the L-type Ca2+ channel (LTCC) and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger currents. Fluorescence photometry techniques were used to measure intracellular free Ca2+ concentration. Results: Although the LTCC current was not significantly altered, the amplitude of Ca2+ transients increased significantly in EPI-STZ and ENDO-STZ compared with controls. Time to peak LTCC current, time to peak Ca2+ transient, time to half decay of LTCC current and time to half decay of Ca2+ transients were not significantly changed in EPI-STZ and ENDO-STZ myocytes compared with controls. The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger current was significantly smaller in EPI-STZ and in ENDO-STZ compared with controls. Conclusions: STZ-induced diabetes resulted in an increase in amplitude of Ca2+ transients in EPI and ENDO myocytes that was independent of the LTCC current. Such an effect can be attributed, at least in part, to the dysfunction of the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger. Additional studies are warranted to improve our understanding of the regional impact of diabetes on Ca2+ signaling, which will facilitate the discovery of new targeted treatments for diabetic cardiomyopathy.

ISSN

2040-1116

Publisher

Wiley

Disciplines

Medicine and Health Sciences

Keywords

Ca transients 2+, Na /Ca exchanger + 2+, Streptozotocin-induced diabetes

Scopus ID

85096921409

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

yes

Open Access Type

Gold: This publication is openly available in an open access journal/series

Share

COinS