Title

Cognitive vulnerability to depression: An exploration of dysfunctional attitudes and ruminative response styles in the United Arab Emirates

Author First name, Last name, Institution

Justin Thomas, Zayed University
Belkeis Altareb, Zayed University

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice

Publication Date

3-1-2012

Abstract

Background. There has been little exploration of Beck's cognitive theory of depression and Nolen-Hoeksem's response styles theory within Arab populations. Objectives. The study investigates the generalizability of these clinically influential models to Emirati citizens residing within United Arab Emirates (UAE). Method. An opportunity sample of 450 undergraduate participants was assessed for dysfunctional attitudes using an Arabic/English 40-item version of Weissman and Beck's Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS). Participants also completed Arabic/English versions of Nolen-Hoeksema's ruminative response styles (RRS) scale and the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II). Results. Correlation and regression analyses showed depression to be associated with both RRS and dysfunctional attitudes. Conclusion. The study supports the generalization of these clinically influential theories of depression within a UAE context. ©2011 The British Psychological Society.

ISSN

1476-0835

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Volume

85

Issue

1

First Page

117

Last Page

121

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

adult; article; attitude; cognition; cross-sectional study; depression; disease predisposition; female; human; male; personality test; physiology; psychological aspect; psychological model; psychological rating scale; psychological theory; risk factor; statistical model; statistics; United Arab Emirates; Attitude; Cognition; Cross-Sectional Studies; Depressive Disorder; Disease Susceptibility; Female; Humans; Linear Models; Male; Models, Psychological; Personality Inventory; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales; Psychological Theory; Risk Factors; United Arab Emirates; Young Adult

Scopus ID

84863420050

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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