Title

Exploring sun avoidant attitudes and behaviors in the United Arab Emirates

Document Type

Article

Source of Publication

Social Behavior and Personality

Publication Date

10-13-2010

Abstract

The aim in this study was to develop a Sun Avoidance Inventory (SAI) and then test its factor structure and reliability. The SAI is a culturally grounded self-report measure of the attitudes and behaviors indicative of minimizing direct exposure to the sun. In our study 193 Emirati females completed the SAI. The results of analysis of their responses support the validity of the instrument with 6 domains of avoidance being identified: recreational, occupational, head covering, body covering, and skin tone preference (light or tanned). The most strongly endorsed attitude was that even brief exposure to sun is bad for health and the most strongly endorsed behavior was wearing a niqab (veil) outdoors. In previous studies carried out in the United Arab Emirates elevated levels of vitamin D (VTD) deficiency have been found, especially among females. High scores on the SAI may predict VTD deficiency and in the future researchers could explore the validity of the SAI as a predictor of VTD deficiency and also investigate the potential use of the SAI in multiphase screening procedures for VTD deficiency. © Society for Personality Research (Inc.).

ISSN

0301-2212

Publisher

Scientific Journal Publishers

Volume

38

Issue

8

First Page

1111

Last Page

1118

Disciplines

Life Sciences

Keywords

Scale construction and validation, Sun avoidance, United arab emirates, Women

Scopus ID

77957718660

Indexed in Scopus

yes

Open Access

no

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