Removal of crystal violet dye using a three-dimensional network of date pits powder/sodium alginate hydrogel beads: Experimental optimization and DFT calculation
Source of Publication
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Biodegradable and very low-cost adsorbent beads were prepared from date pits powder (DP) and sodium alginate (SA). DP to SA ratios was varied (1/2; 1/4 and 1/6) and used to eliminate Crystal violet (CV) a cationic dye. Adsorbents were characterized by FTIR, SEM-EDS, UV–vis DR, TGA and the point of zero charge (pHPZC). The optimal composite beads SA@6DP show high adsorption capacities of 83.565 mg/g toward CV than SA@2DP and SA@4DP. The kinetics investigation showed that the adsorption is well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic (R2 = 0.998). The thermodynamics and isotherms studies exhibit that the adsorption phenomenon for SA@6DP adsorbent is endothermic and significantly fitted with the Redlich-Peterson model. The experimental adsorption tests were optimized by the Box-Behnken design (BBD) which led to conclude the maximal CV removal obtained by SA@6DP was 99.873 % using [CV] = 50 mg/L, adsorbent mass = 20 mg and 48 h of contact time. The theoretical calculation proved that the CV molecules favor the mode of attack due to their electrophilic character and can accept the SA@6DP adsorbent electrons more easily to form an anti-bonding orbital. SA@6DP hydrogel beads are therefore an exceptional bio-adsorbent that offers excellent adsorption performance.
Sodium alginate, Crystal violet, Adsorption, Optimization, DFT study
Mokhtar, Adel; Abdelkrim, Soumia; Hachemaoui, Mohammed; Boukoussa, Bouhadjar; Chaibi, Wahiba; Sardi, Amina; Djelad, Amal; Sassi, Mohammed; Issam, Ismail; Iqbal, Jibran; Patole, Shashikant P.; and Abboud, Mohamed, "Removal of crystal violet dye using a three-dimensional network of date pits powder/sodium alginate hydrogel beads: Experimental optimization and DFT calculation" (2023). All Works. 6030.
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